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GSD Species Synonymy

Current Name:
Graphis scripta (L.) Ach., K. Vetensk-Acad. Nya Handl. 30: 145 (1809)

Synonymy:
Lichen scriptus L., Sp. pl. 2: 1140 (1753)
Verrucaria scripta (L.) F.H. Wigg., Prim. fl. holsat. (Kiliae): 86 (1780)
Opegrapha scripta (L.) Ach., Methodus, Sectio prior (Stockholmiæ): 30 (1803)
Leproncus scriptus (L.) A. St.-Hil., Expos. Fam. Natur.: 19 (1805)

Sphaeria limitata Pers.
Graphis scripta var. limitata (Pers.) Arnold, K. Vetensk-Acad. Nya Handl. 30: 146 (1809)
Clypeosphaeria limitata (Pers.) Fuckel, Jb. nassau. Ver. Naturk. 23-24: 117 (1870)

Graphis diffracta var. flexuosa Leight.
Graphis scripta f. flexuosa (Leight.) Mudd

Graphis diffracta var. radiata Leight.
Graphis scripta var. radiata (Leight.) Mudd, (1854)

Graphis scripta f. horizontalis Leight.

Graphis scripta f. varia Leight.

Graphis serpentina var. diffusa Leight.

Opegrapha scripta sensu Montagne in Durieu (1847), in Durieu,

Verrucaria typographica Willd., Fl. berol. prodr.: 370 (1787)
Graphis scripta var. typographa (Willd.) Arnold, Flora, Regensburg 64: 139 (1881)
Graphis scripta var. typographica (Willd.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univers. 2: 350 (1923)
Graphis scripta f. typographica (Willd.) Mig., Flora von Deutschl., Abt. II 12/2: 348 (1930)

Opegrapha recta Humb., Fl. Friberg. Spec. (Berlin): 57 (1793)
Opegrapha scripta var. recta (Humb.) Schaer., Lich. helv. spicil. 1: 46 (1823)
Graphis pulverulenta var. recta (Humb.) Eschw., in Martius, Fl. bras. enum. pl. 1(1): 71 (1833)
Graphis scripta var. recta (Humb.) Rabenh., Deutschl. Krypt.-Fl. (Leipzig) 2: 18 (1845)
Graphis scripta f. recta (Humb.) Hepp, Flecht. Europ.: no. 46 (1853)
Graphis serpentina var. recta (Humb.) Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 275 (1854)

Opegrapha pulverulenta Pers., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 7: 29 (1794)
Graphis pulverulenta (Pers.) Ach., (1809)
Graphis scripta var. pulverulenta (Pers.) Ach., Syn. meth. lich. (Lund): 82 (1814)

Opegrapha pulverulenta var. fraxini Pers., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 7: 29 (1794)
Graphis scripta var. fraxini (Pers.) Grummann, in Hillmann & Grummann, Flora, Regensburg 64: 140 (1881)

Opegrapha cerasi Pers., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 7: 29 (1794)
Lichen cerasi (Pers.) Ach., Lich. suec. prodr. (Linköping): 26 (1799)
Graphis cerasi (Pers.) Ach., K. Vetensk-Acad. Nya Handl. 30: 147 (1809)
Graphis scripta var. cerasi (Pers.) Ach., Syn. meth. lich. (Lund): 83 (1814)
Opegrapha pulverulenta var. cerasi (Pers.) Chevall., Fl. gén. env. Paris (Paris) 1: 538 (1826)
Graphis scripta f. cerasi (Pers.) Rabenh., Krypt.-Fl. Sachsen, Abth. 2 (Breslau): 70 (1870)
Graphis serpentina f. cerasi (Pers.) Malbr., Bull. Soc. bot. Fr. 31: 101 (1884)
Graphis scripta * cerasi (Pers.) P. Syd., Flecht. Deutschl.: 233 (1887)
Graphis pulverulenta f. cerasi (Pers.) Szatala, Folia Cryptog. 1(no. 7): 857 (1930)

Lichen serpentinus Ach., Lich. suec. prodr. (Linköping): 25 (1799)
Opegrapha serpentina (Ach.) Schrad., J. Bot. (Schrader) 1: 79 (1801)
Graphis serpentina (Ach.) Ach., K. Vetensk-Acad. Nya Handl. 30: 147 (1809)
Opegrapha scripta var. serpentina (Ach.) Schaer., Lich. helv. spicil. 1: 47 (1823)
Graphis scripta var. serpentina (Ach.) G. Mey., Nebenst. Beschäft. Pflanzenk. 1: 194 (1825)
Graphis scripta f. serpentina (Ach.) Koltz, Recl Mém. Trav. Soc. bot. Luxemb. 13: 281 (1897)

Graphis serpentina var. eutypa Ach., Lich. univ.: 270 (1810)
Opegrapha pulverulenta var. eutypa (Ach.) Chevall., Fl. gén. env. Paris (Paris) 1: 538 (1826)
Graphis scripta var. eutypa (Ach.) Mudd, Man. Brit. Lich.: 239 (1861)
Graphis scripta f. eutypa (Ach.) Malbr., Bull. Soc. Amis Sci. Nat. Rouen, Sér. II 5: 272 (1869)
Valsa eutypa (Ach.) Nitschke, Pyrenomyc. Germ. 1: 130 (1870)
Engizostoma eutypa (Ach.) Kuntze, Revis. gen. pl. (Leipzig) 3(3): 472 (1898)

Graphis serpentina var. spathea Ach., Lich. univ.: 270 (1810)
Graphis spathea (Ach.) Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. (Frankfurt) 3(2): 57 (1813)
Opegrapha serpentina var. spathea (Ach.) Lam., Encycl. Method. Bot. Suppl. 4: 157 (1816)
Graphis scripta var. spathea (Ach.) Mudd, Man. Brit. Lich.: 239 (1861)
Graphis scripta f. spathea (Ach.) Rabenh., Krypt.-Fl. Sachsen, Abth. 2 (Breslau): 71 (1870)

Opegrapha scripta var. abietina Schaer., Lich. helv. spicil. 1: 47 (1823)
Graphis scripta var. abietina (Schaer.) Rabenh., Deutschl. Krypt.-Fl. (Leipzig) 2: 19 (1845)
Graphis scripta f. abietina (Schaer.) Körb., Syst. lich. germ. (Breslau): 287 (1855)
Graphis abietina (Schaer.) Malbr., Bull. Soc. bot. Fr. 31: 99 (1884)

Graphis scripta var. flexuosa A. Massal., Memor. Lich.: 108 (1853)

Graphis diffracta var. major Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 277 (1854)
Graphis scripta f. major (Leight.) Mudd, Man. Brit. Lich.: 240 (1861)

Graphis serpentina var. divaricata Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 272 (1854)
Graphis scripta var. divaricata (Leight.) Mudd, Man. Brit. Lich.: 240 (1861)

Graphis serpentina var. flexuosa Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 271 (1854)

Graphis serpentina var. radiata Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 272 (1854)

Graphis serpentina var. stellata Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 273 (1854)
Graphis scripta var. stellata (Leight.) Mudd, Man. Brit. Lich.: 239 (1861)

Graphis serpentina var. tremulans Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 274 (1854)
Graphis scripta var. tremulans (Leight.) Mudd, Man. Brit. Lich.: 239 (1861)

Graphis serpentina var. varia Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 270 (1854)
Graphis scripta var. varia (Leight.) Mudd, Man. Brit. Lich.: 238 (1861)

Graphis diffracta Turner ex Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 276 (1854)
Graphis scripta var. diffracta (Turner ex Leight.) Mudd, in Malbranche, Bull. Soc. Amis Sci. Nat. Rouen, Sér. II 5: 273 (1869)

Graphis scripta f. diffusa (Leight.) Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 264 (1854)
Graphis scripta var. diffusa Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 264 (1854)
Graphis abietina var. diffusa (Leight.) H. Olivier, Expo. Syst. Descr. Lich. Ouest Fr. 2: 180 (1902)

Graphis serpentina var. horizontalis Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 271 (1854)
Graphis scripta var. horizontalis (Leight.) Arnold, Flora, Regensburg 44: 661 (1861)
Graphis abietina f. horizontalis (Leight.) Szatala, Folia Cryptog. 1(no. 7): 856 (1930)

Graphis scripta var. minuta (Leight.) Mudd, Man. Brit. Lich.: 237 (1854)
Graphis serpentina var. minuta Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 269 (1854)

Graphis diffracta var. minor (Leight.) Leight.
Graphis diffracta f. minor Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 13: 277 (1854)
Graphis scripta f. minor (Leight.) Mudd, Man. Brit. Lich.: 240 (1861)

Graphis scripta f. recta Schaer., Syst. lich. germ. (Breslau): 287 (1855)

Position in classification:
Graphidaceae, Ostropales, Ostropomycetidae, Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota, Fungi

Synonymy Contributor(s):
British Lichen Society (2004)

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