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GSD Species Synonymy

Current Name:
Petractis clausa (Hoffm.) Kremp., Denkschr. Kgl. Bayer. Bot. Ges., Abt. 2 4: 254 (1861)

Synonymy:
Lichen clausus Hoffm., Enum. critic. lich. europ. (Bern): 48 (1784)
Verrucaria clausa (Hoffm.) Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl., Zweiter Theil (Erlangen): 177 (1796)
Thelotrema clausum (Hoffm.) Schaer., Lich. helv. spicil. 2: 68 (1826)
Gyalecta clausa (Hoffm.) A. Massal., Ric. auton. lich. crost. (Verona): 146 (1852)
Volvaria clausa (Hoffm.) Trevis., Revta Period. Lav. Imp. Reale Acad., Padova 1(3): 270 (1852)
Patellaria clausa (Hoffm.) Nägeli, in Hepp, Flecht. Europ.: no. 206 (1853)

Lichen exanthematicus Sm., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 1: 81 (1791)
Urceolaria exanthematica (Sm.) Ach., Methodus, Sectio prior (Stockholmiæ): 146 (1803)
Volvaria exanthematica (Sm.) DC., in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. franç., Edn 3 (Paris) 2: 373 (1805)
Thelotrema exanthematicum (Sm.) Ach., Lich. univ.: 313 (1810)
Lichen opegraphus * exanthemicum (Sm.) Lam., Encycl. Méth. Bot., Suppl. 3: 409 (1813)
Parmelia exanthematica (Sm.) Spreng., Syst. veg., Edn 16 4(1): 300 (1827)
Gyalecta exanthematica (Sm.) Fr., Lich. eur. reform. (Lund): 197 (1831)
Petractis exanthematica (Sm.) Fr., Summa veg. Scand., Sectio Prior (Stockholm): 120 (1845)
Secoliga exanthematica (Sm.) Norman, Conat. Praem. Gen. Lich.: 19 (1852)
Lecidea exanthematica (Sm.) Nyl., Mém. Soc. Imp. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 3: 182 (1855)

Gyalecta exanthematica var. dolichospora B. de Lesd., Recherch. Lich. Dunkerque, Suppl.: 116 (1914)
Petractis clausa var. dolichospora (B. de Lesd.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univers. 2: 685 (1924)

Position in classification:
Incertae sedis, Incertae sedis, Incertae sedis, Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota, Fungi

Synonymy Contributor(s):
British Lichen Society (2004)

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