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GSD Species Synonymy

Current Name:
Rhizocarpon geographicum (L.) DC., in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. franç., Edn 3 (Paris) 2: 365 (1805)

Synonymy:
Lichen geographicus L., Sp. pl. 2: 1140 (1753)
Verrucaria geographica (L.) F.H. Wigg., Prim. fl. holsat. (Kiliae): 86 (1780)
Lecidea atrovirens var. geographica (L.) Ach., Methodus, Sectio prior (Stockholmiæ): 46 (1803)
Lecidea geographica (L.) Rebent., Prodr. fl. neomarch. (Berolini): 294 (1804)
Leproncus geographicus (L.) A. St.-Hil., Expos. Fam. Natur.: 19 (1805)
Patellaria geographica (L.) Duby, Bot. Gall., Edn 2 (Paris) 2: 656 (1830)
Urceolaria geographica (L.) Link, Grundr. Krauterk. 3: 200 (1833)
Diplotomma geographicum (L.) Jatta, Nuovo G. bot. ital. 12: 229 (1880)
Rhizocarpon petraeum var. geographicum (L.) Boistel, Nouv. Flore Lich., Edn 2: 240 (1903)

Rhizocarpon semilecanorinum var. atlanticum Räsänen

Rhizocarpon geographicum var. urceolatum sensu Mudd; fide Checklist of Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland (2010)

Lecidea galactochrysea var. atrovirens (L.) Schaer.
Lichen atrovirens L., Sp. pl. 2: 1141 (1753)
Verrucaria atrovirens (L.) Hoffm. [as 'atro-virens'], Descr. Adumb. Plant. Lich. 1(3): 83 (1790)
Lecidea atrovirens (L.) Ach., Methodus, Sectio prior (Stockholmiæ): 45 (1803)
Rhizocarpon atrovirens (L.) Chevall., Fl. gén. env. Paris (Paris) 1: 561 (1826)
Lecidea geographica var. atrovirens (L.) Schaer., Lich. helv. spicil. 3: 124 (1828)
Patellaria atrovirens (L.) Wallr., Fl. crypt. Germ. (Norimbergae) 1: 358 (1831)
Abacina atrovirens (L.) Norman, Conat. Praem. Gen. Lich.: 25 (1852)
Rhizocarpon geographicum f. atrovirens (L.) A. Massal., Nuovi Ann. Sci. nat. Bologna 7: 220 (1853)
Rhizocarpon geographicum var. atrovirens (L.) Körb., Syst. lich. germ. (Breslau): 263 (1855)
Buellia geographica var. atrovirens (L.) Mong., Bull. Géogr. Bot. 9: 243 (1900)
Buellia geographica var. atrovirens (L.) H. Olivier, Expo. Syst. Descr. Lich. Ouest Fr. 2: 170 (1901)

Lecidea geographica f. urceolata Schaer., Lich. helv. spicil. 3: 124 (1828)
Rhizocarpon geographicum f. urceolatum (Schaer.) Körb., Syst. lich. germ. (Breslau): 263 (1855)
Rhizocarpon geographicum d urceolatum (Schaer.) Hazsl., Magyar Birodalom Zuzmó-Flórájá: 207 (1884)
Rhizocarpon urceolatum (Schaer.) Räsänen, Feddes Repert. 52: 131 (1943)

Rhizocarpon diabasicum Räsänen, Ann. bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. fenn. Vanamo 19(Notul. Botan. 12): 59 (1942)
Rhizocarpon tinei subsp. diabasicum (Räsänen) Runemark, Op. bot. 2(no. 1): 122 (1956)
Rhizocarpon geographicum subsp. diabasicum (Räsänen) Poelt & Vězda, in Hawksworth, James & Coppins, Lichenologist 12(1): 107 (1980)

Rhizocarpon kittilense Räsänen, Ann. bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. fenn. Vanamo 19(Notul. Botan. 12): 58 (1942)
Rhizocarpon geographicum subsp. kittilense (Räsänen) R. Sant., Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi of Sweden and Norway (Lund): 191 (1993)
Rhizocarpon geographicum subsp. kittilense (Räsänen) Vitik., Ahti, Kuusinen, Lommi & T. Ulvinen, Norrlinia 6: 55 (1997)
Rhizocarpon geographicum subsp. kittilense (Räsänen) Ahti, Norrlinia 17: 57 (2008)

Rhizocarpon lindsayanum Räsänen, Revista Südam. de Botanica 7: 87 (1942)
Rhizocarpon lindsayanum subsp. kittilense (Räsänen) Runemark, Op. bot. 2(no. 1): 115 (1956)
Rhizocarpon geographicum var. lindsayanum (Räsänen) Clauzade & Rondon, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol., N.S. 28: 388 (1959)
Rhizocarpon geographicum var. lindsayanum (Räsänen) Clauzade & Rondon, Revta Fac. Ciên. Univ. Lisboa, Sér. 2, C 14(1): 17 (1966)
Rhizocarpon riparium subsp. lindsayanum (Räsänen) J.W. Thomson, Nova Hedwigia 14: 456 (1967)
Rhizocarpon geographicum subsp. lindsayanum (Räsänen) R. Sant., Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi of Sweden and Norway (Lund): 191 (1993)
Rhizocarpon geographicum subsp. lindsayanum (Räsänen) Vitik., Ahti, Kuusinen, Lommi & T. Ulvinen, Norrlinia 6: 55 (1997)
Rhizocarpon geographicum subsp. lindsayanum (Räsänen) Ahti, Norrlinia 17: 57 (2008)

Rhizocarpon riparium Räsänen, Ann. bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. fenn. Vanamo 19(Notul. Botan. 12): 60 (1942)

Rhizocarpon frigidum Räsänen, Ann. bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. fenn. Vanamo 19(Notul. Botan. 14): 9 (1944)
Rhizocarpon tinei subsp. frigidum (Räsänen) Runemark, Op. bot. 2(no. 1): 125 (1956)
Rhizocarpon geographicum subsp. frigidum (Räsänen) Hertel, Mitt. bot. StSamml., Münch. 12: 492 (1976)

Rhizocarpon prospectans Räsänen, Ann. bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. fenn. Vanamo 19(Notul. Botan. 14): 8 (1944)
Rhizocarpon tinei subsp. prospectans (Räsänen) Runemark, Op. bot. 2(no. 1): 123 (1956)
Rhizocarpon geographicum subsp. prospectans (Räsänen) D. Hawksw. & Sowter, Trans. Leicester Lit. Phil. Soc. 63: 58 (1969)

Rhizocarpon tinei subsp. arcticum Runemark, Op. bot. 2(no. 1): 125 (1956)
Rhizocarpon geographicum subsp. arcticum (Runemark) Hertel, Mitt. bot. StSamml., Münch. 12: 493 (1976)

Rhizocarpon tinei subsp. vulgare Runemark, Op. bot. 2(no. 1): 124 (1956)

Position in classification:
Rhizocarpaceae, Rhizocarpales, Lecanoromycetidae, Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota, Fungi

Synonymy Contributor(s):
British Lichen Society (2004)

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