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GSD Species Synonymy

Current Name:
Umbilicaria polyphylla (L.) Baumg., Fl. Lips.: 571 (1790)

Synonymy:
Lichen polyphyllus L., Sp. pl. 2: 1150 (1753)
Gyrophora polyphylla (L.) Funck, Cryptog. Gewächse 4: 4 (1804)
Umbilicaria glabra var. polyphylla (L.) DC., in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. franç., Edn 3 (Paris) 2: 412 (1805)
Gyrophora heteroidea var. polyphylla (L.) Ach., K. Vetensk-Acad. Nya Handl. 29: 273 (1808)
Gyromium polyphyllum (L.) Wahlenb., Fl. lapp.: 481 (1812)
Gyrophora glabra var. polyphylla (L.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 476 (1821)
Lecidea polyphylla (L.) Spreng., Syst. veg., Edn 16 4(1): 263 (1827)
Gyrophora flocculosa var. polyphylla (L.) Turner, Spec. lichonogr. brit. (Yarmouth): 217 (1839)
Umbilicaria varia var. polyphylla (L.) Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 18: 278 (1856)

Gyrophora polyphylla var. congregata Turner & Borrer
Umbilicaria varia f. congregata (Turner & Borrer) Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 18: 279 (1856)
Umbilicaria polyphylla f. congregata (Turner & Borrer) Leight., Lich.-Fl. Great Brit.: 156 (1871)

Lichen anthracinus Wulfen, in Jacquin, Miscell. austriac. 2: 84 (1781)
Umbilicaria anthracina (Wulfen) Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl., Zweiter Theil (Erlangen): 110 (1796)
Umbilicaria glabra var. anthracina (Wulfen) DC., in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. franç., Edn 3 (Paris) 2: 412 (1805)
Gyrophora anthracina (Wulfen) Körb., Syst. lich. germ. (Breslau): 99 (1855)
Gyrophora polyphylla var. anthracina (Wulfen) Hue, Bull. Soc. bot. Fr. 36: 223 (1889)

Umbilicaria polyphylla f. glabra (Ach.) Stizenb.
Umbilicaria glabra Ach., K. Vetensk-Acad. Nya Handl. 15: 95 (1794)
Gyrophora glabra (Ach.) Ach., Methodus, Sectio prior (Stockholmiæ): 101 (1803)
Gyrophora heteroidea var. glabra (Ach.) Ach., K. Vetensk-Acad. Nya Handl. 29: 273 (1808)
Umbilicaria aenea var. glabra (Ach.) Schaer., Lich. helv. spicil. 2: 90 (1826)
Umbilicaria polyphylla var. glabra (Ach.) Stenh., Nov. Sched. Critic. Lich.: 14 (1833)
Gyrophora polyphylla f. glabra (Ach.) Th. Fr., Lich. Scand. (Upsaliae)(1): 163 (1871)

Gyrophora polyphylla var. sulcata (Turner) Turner & Borrer
Gyrophora polyphylla f. sulcata Turner, Spec. lichonogr. brit. (Yarmouth): 214 (1839)
Umbilicaria varia f. sulcata (Turner) Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 18: 279 (1856)
Umbilicaria polyphylla f. sulcata (Turner) Leight., Lich.-Fl. Great Brit.: 156 (1871)

Umbilicaria polyphylla var. lacera (Leight.) Cromb.
Umbilicaria varia f. lacera Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 18: 280 (1856)
Gyrophora polyphylla f. lacera (Leight.) Hepp, Flecht. Europ.: no. 718 (1860)
Umbilicaria polyphylla f. lacera (Leight.) Leight., Lich.-Fl. Great Brit.: 156 (1871)
Gyrophora glabra f. lacera (Leight.) Magnin, Annls Univ. Lyon 9: 266 (1882)

Umbilicaria polyphylla f. monophylla (Leight.) Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 18: 279 (1856)
Umbilicaria varia f. monophylla Leight., Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 2 18: 279 (1856)
Gyrophora glabra f. monophylla (Leight.) Magnin, Annls Univ. Lyon 9: 266 (1882)
Gyrophora polyphylla f. monophylla (Leight.) Sandst., Abh. naturw. Ver. Bremen 21(1): 133 (1912)
Gyrophora deusta f. monophylla (Leight.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univers. 4: 704 (1927)

Position in classification:
Umbilicariaceae, Umbilicariales, Umbilicariomycetidae, Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota, Fungi

Synonymy Contributor(s):
British Lichen Society (2004)

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